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Edible Bird Nest Swiftlet: Production, Health and Product Quality

Edible Bird Nest Swiftlet: Production, health and product quality
Center of Excellence on Swiftlets

Programme Leader

Prof Datin Paduka Dato' Dr Aini Ideris - Avian Medicine


2. Prof Dr. Saleha Abdul Aziz - Veterinary Public Health
3. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Jalila Abu - Avian Medicine 


The edible bird nest (EBN) swiftlet industry in Malaysia is rapidly growing due to the demand for EBNs nests world-wide. The Aerodramus fuciphagus species that is found only in the South East Asian region is the main target for the industry. There are limited scientific publications on the EBN swiftlet in Malaysia such as their genetics and subspecies delineations, various aspects of quality control, variability of diet of this special species, health status and susceptibility to important avian viruses and other important aspects.

Ongoing research in various areas will benefit the industry and economic importance for Malaysia. Many issues related to the industry and government has been addressed especially on the export of the raw nests, product quality, nitrite issues and market surveys by this group and research collaborators from University National Malaysia, University Malaysia Perlis, SIRIM, University Malaysia Kelantan and University Science Malaysia. Therefore, with regards on the above issues and current and future challanges, UPM has been elected as the Center of Excellence on Swiftlet in 2011 by Ministry of Agriculture and Agro Based Industry.

Keywords    :  edible bird nest swiftlet, health, quality control

Research Highlights:

  • Top down research grant from Ministry of Agricultural and Agro Based Industry. Elected UPM as the Centre of Excellence on Swiftlet in 2011.

  • Research group members headed by section head. In each group, a number of researchers that already well known in their field of research and as expert consultants to government agencies, such as Department of Veterinary Services, Malaysian Department of Plant Protections and Ministry of Health and as well as animal industries. Very strong group of research collaborators all over Malaysia involve in this program with their own niche of experts and disciplines.

  • Research laboratories of various disciplines which involve in all research areas are available which include the Department of Veterinary Services, Faculty of Agriculture UPM (Department of Animal Science, Department of Plant Protection) and Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Bacteriology and Virology Laboratories).

  • The networking and linkages include having very strong relationship with Malaysian together with the supports from Department of Veterinary Services to support industry needs and outline of research programs.

Current Projects:

Total budget received:three million

1. Evaluation of the Quality of Edible Bird Nests Produced in Malaysia.
2. Genetic Characterization of the Malaysan Edible Bird Nest Swiftlets.
3. Study on Population Status of Swiftlet Aerodermus fuciphagus, its Ecology and Behaviour with Emphasis on Feeding Behaviour in Different Habitats
4. Optimizing Feeds and Feeding for Edible-Nest Swiftlets.
5. Health and Disease Surveillance on Edible Bird Nest Swiftlet Aerodermus species.

Recent Publications:

Edible Bird Nest Industry Conference 2012 (November 2012): Poster Abstract

Chow G .H., Jalila A., Arshad S.S., Tan S. W., Siti Khatijah M., & Ong K. W.
Detection Of Newcastle Disease Virus In Edible-Nest Swiftlet (Aerodramus Fuciphagus) Ranched Under An Oil Palm Plantation In Sungkai, Perak, Malaysia

Fhaisol M.A., Intan-Shameha A.R., Zuki, A.B.Z., and Azhar K.
Gross Morphology Of The Intestine Of Edible Bird's-Nest Swiftlet (Aerodramus Fuciphagus) And House Swift (Apus Nipalensis).

Derwin M.D.S.A., Arshad S.S., Mehrbod P., Kamaruddin A.I., Bande F., Jalila A. and Fadzilah-A'ini A.K.


Updated:: 14/03/2018 [mjamil]


Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM Serdang
Selangor Darul Ehsan
+603 9769 3800
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